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LNG imports dominate the market with a loss but also expansion
Time:2013/6/14 Reading times:891
Like with most of the time , 5 June Doha sunshine ; morning 6:00 , the temperature has been close to 40 degrees Celsius. Through more than 70 kilometers of desert highway , Ras Laffan (Ras Laffan) Industrial City is like a steel mirage appeared in the vast Gobi desert ; in the bright sunlight , contiguous steel pipelines and natural gas facilities gleaming . If not visit the scene , it's hard to imagine one-third of the world's LNG ( liquefied natural gas ) is how to produce and transport from here to East Asia, Western Europe, and around the world .
Relying on the world's largest natural gas fields North Field , Qatar 's Ras Laffan Industrial City has become the center of world LNG trade , one-third of the world's exports of LNG; Meanwhile , Qatar has become the world's countries with the highest GDP per capita world. Rise of the achievements of the Qatar LNG myth ; Qatar achievements of world LNG trade and prosperity. China 's LNG imports one-third are from Qatar, which is China 's largest LNG imported gas source .

Never turn off the lights of the industrial city

Ras Laffan Industrial City is currently a total area of 295 square kilometers , the area near the Beijing Fengtai District . "We are never lights out industrial city, 24 hours a day in the production operation ." Ras Laffan Industrial City, Communication and Public Relations Department Joseph (Joseph Angelil) said to reporters , " Industrial City area in ( on century ) 90 years or a desert , but is now the world's largest LNG production and trade center . "
Ras Laffan Industrial City in the northeast 80 km under the sea , buried in the world's largest gas field in North Field . Qatar gas field to become second only to Russia and Iran , ranked third in the world natural gas reserves in the country. North Field was discovered in 1971 . 1993 and 1994 , Qatar Petroleum (Qatar Petrol, the country's sole national oil company ) and Total and other international oil companies established a joint venture specializing in the two northern gas field development and LNG production operating companies : Qatargas (Qatar Gas ) and Las gas Company (Ras Gas).
1996 , Qatar 's first export LNG ship departed from Ras Laffan Industrial City to Japan ; 2006 , Qatar LNG exports amounted to 25 million tons / year, for the first time over Indonesia to become the world's largest LNG exporter ; 2010 , Qatar LNG export capacity has reached a milestone 77 million tons / year, accounting for about one third of world LNG trade . The size of the current calculation, the gas can be mined at least 200 years.
In the northeastern industrial city of 56 square kilometers of the port almost every day , large and small landing or departing LNG carriers . Overlooking the sea , you can see the harbor moored regular , medium ( 220,000 t level ) and large ( more than 250,000 tons ) LNG carriers. Joseph said: " an LNG ship loading and unloading from the inlet port to the departure , just one day from us here, about two weeks to get to Japan, China and other East Asian countries ."
Industrial City is one of many international oil companies eager to start wrestling the land, which has attracted almost all the international oil companies to invest , but BP and other companies dropped out of the industrial city ; while Total is the only one covering the local natural gas industry-wide chain of international oil companies .
Total Exploration and Production , Managing Director of Qatar Michel (Steohane Michel) , told reporters that the Total Group in World War I when it has entered Qatar, has always insisted on investment so far. Total is currently in the Ras Laffan Industrial City in addition to investment in upstream projects and LNG plants , but also investment in building a petrochemical refinery , from Qatar to many countries , including China, exporting LNG, naphtha , LPG and other products.

China Business

Although the first LNG pilot plant as early as 1939 had been built, but the LNG trade in the world, the rise is only true thing nearly a decade . With the development of LNG technology and mature, more flexible, more convenient alternative to piped natural gas LNG trade will trade patterns , become a more important form of natural gas trade .
The fastest growing natural gas demand in the Asian region , there are institutions predict that China 's natural gas consumption in the next five years to double . Chairman Zhou Jiping CNPC also said that China's natural gas consumption in 2030 is expected to overtake Russia to become the world's second largest after the U.S. natural gas consumption in the country . " China is an increasingly important market for us ." Said Joseph . Last year, China imported 4.99 million tons from Qatar LNG, an increase of over 110% .
International oil companies investing in Qatar for LNG exports to China are optimistic about the prospects . Michel said : "The U.S. shale gas is not primarily serves Asian and U.S. shale gas if shipped to China and other Asian regions , costs about 10-14 U.S. dollars / million BTU ( British thermal units ) , while Qatar the LNG exports to the same location the price is probably only need 5-6 / million BTU, so Qatar and the United States than it has obvious competitive . "
However , China's domestic natural gas price reform lag , making Qatar LNG imports is also facing a loss problems. In 2010 before the import LNG from Qatar signed long-term contract price is low, but in 2010 the import contracts signed after a price inversion phenomenon , built after 2010 in the oil , Jiangsu , Ningbo, Dalian LNG terminal and CNOOC LNG terminals currently have varying degrees of loss .
According gas analyst Li Zhuo record inion estimates, this year from January to March , as imports priced Qatar LNG resources Jiangsurudong station average gross profit -1407 yuan / ton, while the average gross profit Dalian station was -1758 yuan / ton. "LNG industry, the question now is expanding faster than the upstream downstream demand growth ." Lee said , LNG downstream market is relatively market-oriented industry , so the loss can only be imported by PetroChina and CNOOC themselves, but they are in order dominate the market, to increase their market share , preferring loss should expand.
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